25th Sunday in Ordinary Time, Year B 2021

Published: September 18, 2021

Bishop Anthony B. Taylor preached the following homily at a Mass for the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem at the Cathedral of St. Andrew in Little Rock on Saturday, Sept. 18, 2021.

Bishop Taylor

On national holidays we often hear speakers refer to the United States as the greatest country on earth, and we are indeed a great country and certainly the most powerful country militarily — even following the collapse of our efforts at nation building in Afghanistan.

Twenty years ago, we conquered Afghanistan militarily, but we never did win the peace — and neither will the Taliban. Why is that? Because power is not the same thing as greatness. True greatness comes not from the power to dominate — to coerce, but rather from the ability to persuade, and while we tried hard to inculcate western values of justice and equality for the benefit of the people there, we were able to convince only a certain portion of the population.

When we force others to submit, as we did initially and as the Taliban are now doing, we place ourselves over them. But instead, if we succeed in persuading people, they take ownership and they are the ones who decide whether and how to change — and indeed it is only by changing hearts that we will ever get lasting peace there or anywhere.

Who are the people who have had the most positive impact on your life? I’ll bet they are the people who have sacrificed themselves the most for you. And how did they change you — by coercion or by persuasion?

We see that clearly in the Middle East. Bombing campaigns may have a strategic purpose, but they don’t change hearts, at least not for the better. The most effective country is the one that does the best job of changing people's hearts. I think that would be Vatican City — especially in these days of Pope Francis, which is the world's least powerful country militarily.

In the Gospels for the past two weeks Jesus tells us just how far he is willing to go in order to change people's hearts. Last week he said “the Son of Man must suffer greatly and be rejected by the elders, the chief priests and the scribes and be killed.” Today he says “the Son of Man is to be handed over to men and they will kill him.”

But the disciples did not yet understand what true greatness is all about, so when they start discussing “which of them is the greatest” Jesus tells them that they've got it all wrong: true greatness comes not from ambition and the power to dominate, but rather from the ability to persuade others with nothing more than self-sacrificing love, making oneself the "servant of all.”

This is what Jesus meant last Sunday when he said “whoever wishes to come after me must take up his cross and follow me. Whoever wishes to save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life for my sake and that of the Gospel will save it.”

So, I ask you: Who are the people who have had the most positive impact on your life? I’ll bet they are the people who have sacrificed themselves the most for you. And how did they change you — by coercion or by persuasion? I think of my parents. Sure, they had to discipline my bad behavior when they couldn't get through to me any other way. The same is true for countries — diplomacy can only do so much; we do need a military.

But the most parents can do by force is compel outward compliance with what they want their child to do, presumably for his own good. But nothing really changes on the inside until the child has a change of heart. Parents can influence — but ultimately have little control over — the choices their child will eventually make as a teenager and as an adult.

As a freshman at the University of Oklahoma I had a suitemate who went nuts with all kinds of wild behavior now that he was no longer under his parents' control and as a result, he flunked out.

My parents had worked hard to inculcate solid values in me and in my brothers and sisters, and they did this through the persuasive power of their own good example and many years of patient, self-sacrificing love — and at times that meant embracing the cross. We were not little angels.

But even so, persuasion is far more effective than coercion — in our families and in world affairs. In today's Gospel Jesus tells you how to be truly great: Make yourself the "last of all and the servant of all."